Given both the pace of urbanization and the climate crisis, GPRBA will leverage its considerable experience in results-based approaches and innovative financing to focus on new areas and issues. Some of the new thrust areas for GPRBA directly reflect donor emphasized priorities—a greater attention to gender and inclusion as well as fragility and forced displacement through both new knowledge and technical assistance.
Without urgent action, it is estimated that the effects of climate change could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030. Results-based financing approaches can help deliver on key objectives in the global fight to counter act the effects of climate change, including advancing the monitoring of emission reductions, enhancing national policies, strategies, and regulations for climate action. GPRBA has contributed to achieving the climate change agenda through subsidy funding for clean energy projects using technologies to provide access to energy in low income and poor households.
Around the world, poverty is increasingly concentrated in countries and regions affected by fragility and conflict, which intensify already acute challenges to development. Fragility and conflict can range from persistent domestic or cross-border violence to vulnerability in the face of natural disasters. The provision of basic services can support stabilization and lessen the impact of fragility and conflict within people’s lives. GPRBA has supported results-based approaches in fragile and conflict-affected situations, helping individuals gain access to basic services that otherwise they would go without.
GPRBA is actively seeking to ensure that the projects it supports include women as beneficiaries. GPRBA is also undertaking efforts to monitor and evaluate the outcomes to determine how to improve the inclusion of women and girls as project beneficiaries.
These sector tools on gender are designed to help teams who are designing RBF projects. They provide sector-specific entry points, key questions to consider, and sample objectives and indicators to serve as a compendium of tools on different sectors.
Each of these reports describes how women and girls face disadvantages in each sector, and how RBF has been used as a tool to seek to improve all lives, with special emphasis on women and girls. Several case studies serve as successful examples of efforts to target and reach disadvantaged groups, especially women so that no one is left behind.
In an OBA project, service delivery is contracted out to a third party, either a government or private sector entity, who assumes a portion of the project risk by providing pre-financing and then receives a subsidy to complement or replace user fees once outputs (such as solar home systems or connection of households to water supply systems) have been verified by an independent verification agent (IVA).
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have emerged as a way to leverage private financing and know-how to deliver development solutions. Structured as long-term contractual arrangements, PPPs can be used to help governments make the most of scarce public funding by leveraging additional private finance for investment in infrastructure and harnessing private-sector innovation and efficiency for quality service delivery. Results-based approaches can add value to PPPs by ensuring that finance flowing from the private sector reaches those most in need. GPRBA has supported a number of projects that incorporate RBF into a larger PPP scheme.
Today, 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 68% by 2050. In the face of rapidly rising urbanization, many governments have struggled to keep up with the demand for infrastructure and social services such as electricity, water and sanitation, transport, solid waste management, and health care. GPRBA has supported RBF projects around the world that focus on extending services to poor populations in urban settings by reducing the barrier of high initial cost of access.