OBA and other innovative forms of results-based financing (RBF) are still relatively new to the education sector, but emerging evidence suggests that OBA/RBF may be versatile tools for addressing issues of educational access, quality, and inequity. In 2015, GPOBA undertook a major study on the use and potential impact of OBA/RBF in education.
In Ghana, where electricity grid access is relatively high for Sub-Saharan Africa, millions of people in small rural communities or on isolated islands cannot be reached through grid extension. A successful GPOBA project supported the purchase of solar home systems and PV lanterns for 16,500 households in remote, off-grid areas.
With development needs outstripping public sector capacity, private sector finance and expertise are becoming increasingly important. OBA and public-private partnerships (PPPs) are innovative mechanisms for leveraging private sector investment in development solutions. OBA can add value to a PPP by ensuring that private investment benefits poor populations.
Globally, around 1.1 billion people live without access to electricity. Ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015. The Global Partnership on Output-based Aid (GPOBA) supports this energy access goal through the use of output-based approaches to service delivery.
The Vietnamese government has made remarkable gains in improving education outcomes since the early 1990s. But disparities in educational attainment – particularly between income groups – remain. GPOBA’s first project in the education sector addressed persistent inequalities in learning outcomes, enrolling more than 8,000 low-income students and lowering dropout rates.
GPOBA’s achievements this year demonstrate the strong ongoing coordination between the operations and knowledge aspects of its work, which together aim to ensure that poor populations are included in development gains.
Urban transport systems are crucial to economic and social development, and are particularly important for connecting poor populations to jobs, education, and health services. As the developing world rapidly urbanizes, there is an opportunity to build safer, cleaner, and more inclusive transport systems.
The GPOBA project, which was approved in 2007, built on the experience of the Infrastructure for Rural Transformation (IDTR) project. It was comprised of grants totaling $5.2 million to support the provision of electricity under the framework of the Government’s universal access strategy.
The OBA facility supported provision of over 105,000 grid connections for poor households (525,000 residents) in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas, representing about 10 percent of new connections country-wide from 2013–2016.
The GPOBA grant, which was fully utilized four months before the closing date of June 2017, supported about 40,000 connections.