Zambia: Solid Waste Management
The aim of this rapid study is to present the findings and framework for output-based aid/results-based financing (OBA/RBF) options in the municipal solid waste sector in Zambia. For maximum impact, the rapid study focuses on Kabwe, as the municipality presents a microcosm of issues faced across the country.
The study will comprise the following main activities: (i) a rapid assessment of the municipal solid waste (MSW) current legal and regulatory framework, sector policy and financing to propose reform recommendations for improving the solid waste management system in Zambia; (ii) an assessment of the current design and performance of municipal solid waste service in Kabwe; (iii) an initial development of a customized OBA/RBF project design which takes into account households willingness to pay (WTP) and improves access and outcomes of MSW management in Kabwe municipality; and (iv) presentation to discuss the findings and the proposed MSW options in Kabwe.
The rapid assessment study identified regulatory, technical and financial challenges that constrain the management of Kabwe’s solid waste system. Particularly, the study and the dialogue with the government and other sector stakeholders noted a lack of by-laws to enforce waste regulation including discarding, sorting at source, disposing and administering fines. Among the technical challenges, capacity of Kabwe Municipal Council and waste haulers would need to be improved, including staffing, waste collection and transportation equipment (trucks and bins), etc. As to financing challenges, the fee structure needs to be revised to allow cost recovery, and an efficient fee collection mechanism has to be put in place. Lastly, a gap analysis needs to be completed to allow an informed decision on the applicability of an RBF operation in Kabwe. This includes among others, an assessment of the capacity of private contractors, a market sounding and a survey on households willingness and ability to pay.